Vishnu And Maha Lakshmi Goddess of Wealth .
Vishnu Mantra विष्णु जी के मंत्र आरती कवच, सुदर्शन चक्र मंत्र, हवन
Trimurti (three forms) is a concept in Hinduism “in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the maintainer, preserver or protector and Shiva the destroyer or transformer.These three deities have also been called the Hindu triad[ or the “Great Trinity”, all having the same meaning of three in One. They are the different forms or manifestations of One person the Supreme Being..
Shiva and Vishnu are both viewed as the ultimate form of god in different Hindu denominations. Harihara is a composite of half Vishnu and half Shiva, and artwork related to Harihara is found from mid 1st millennium CE, such as in the cave 1 and cave 3 of the 6th-century Badami cave temples. Another half Vishnu half Shiva form, which is also called Harirudra, is mentioned in Mahabharata.
Vishnu is one of the most important gods in the Shiv Dharma pantheon and, along with Brahma and Shiva, is considered a member of the holy trinity (trimurti) of Shivaism. He is the most important god of Vaishnaism, the largest Hindu sect. Indeed, to illustrate Vishnu’s superior status, Brahma is, in some accounts, considered to have been born from a lotus flower which grew from Vishnu’s naval. A complex character, Vishnu is the Preserver and guardian of men (Narayana), he protects the order of things (dharma) and, when necessary, he appears on earth in various incarnations or avatars to fight demons and fierce creatures and so
maintain cosmic harmony.
Vishnu was married to Lakshmi (the goddess of good fortune), In some accounts, another wife of Vishnu’s is Bhumi-Devi (goddess of the Earth). He is considered to live in the city of Vaikuntha on Mt. Meru, where everything is made of shining gold and fabulous jewels and where there are lakes resplendent with lotus flowers.
Vishnu has ten avatars or worldly appearances, which are people, animals or a mix of both,the heroes
- Matsya (🐠)
- Kurma ( tortoise 🐚 )
- Narasimha(Man loin)
- (Balarama and
who will appear when the world ends, riding a white horse and heralding the start of a new golden age.
LIKE ANY MAJOR GOD, VISHNU IS INVOLVED IN A NUMBER OF COLOURFUL STORIES WHICH ILLUSTRATE HIS VIRTUES AS THE PROTECTOR OF COSMIC ORDER.
Like any major god, Vishnu is involved in a number of colourful stories which illustrate his virtues as the protector of cosmic order. As Varaha, the gigantic boar, he defeated the giant Daitya after Hiranyaksha had mischievously taken the Earth (Bhumi-devi) to the bottom of the sea. The incredible fight between the two lasted for a thousand years but Vishnu prevailed and finally raised the Earth from the watery depths, carrying it on his tusk.
In the Baghavata-Purana, a collection of Vaishnavite stories, Vishnu is also credited with giving all the other gods the gift of immortality. The story goes that the gods wanted to churn up the ocean of milk in order to create the nectar (amrita) which gave its drinker eternal life. To mix the ocean they decided to use the holy Mt. Mandara with the giant serpent Vasuki (or Ananta) as a turning rope; one end to be pulled by Demons and the other by the gods. However, neither group could handle such a weight and they called for Vishnu to hold it. This he did in the form of Kurma, the giant tortoise, supporting the mountain on his shell. The nectar was duly created from the foaming sea but the Demons, true to character, tried to make off with it. Fortunately, Vishnu interceded in the form of the beautiful Maya (the personification of Illusion) and, suitably distracted, the Demons relinquished the nectar which Vishnu graciously gave to the gods, allowing them the possibility of immortality.
Statue of Lord Vishnu
Vishnu appears as another avatar in the form of the fish Matsya. Manu, the sage and son of Vivsavat-Sun, was washing in a river one day when a small fish suddenly jumped into his hand. About to throw the fish back into the water, he was stopped by the pleadings of the fish, who was afraid of the monsters that might eat him. Manu, therefore, kept the fish in a small bowl but, overnight, the fish grew bigger and so had to be moved to a jar. Still the fish kept growing and so Manu threw it into a lake. However, the fish continued to grow and reached such a prodigious size that Manu was obliged to put it into the sea. The fish then made a prophecy that in seven days there would be a great flood but Manu was not
1- Matsya Avatar –
Half fish-half man avatar. He saves the world from a cosmic flood, with the help of a boat made of the Vedas (knowledge), on which he also rescues Manu (progenitor of man) and all living beings. A demon steals and tries to destroy the Vedas, but Matsya finds the demon, kills him, and returns the Vedas.
2- Kurma Avatar
Tortoise avatar. He supports the cosmos, while the gods and demons churn the cosmic ocean with the help of serpent Vasuki to produce the nectar of immortality (just like churning milk to produce butter). The churning produces both the good and the bad, including poison and immortality nectar. Nobody wants the poison, everyone wants the immortality nectar. The demons attempt to steal the nectar, wherein Vishnu appears as enchantress Mohini avatar, for whom they all fall, and give her the nectar.
Varaha Avtar –
Boar avatar. He rescues goddess earth when the demon Hiranyaksha kidnaps her and hides her into the depths of the cosmic ocean. The boar finds her and kills the demon, and the goddess holds onto the tusk of the boar as he lifts her back to the surface.
Half lion-half man avatar. Demon king Hiranyakashipu becomes enormously powerful, gains special powers by which no man or animal could kill him, then bullies and persecutes people who disagree with him, including his own son. The Man-Lion avatar creatively defeats those special powers, kills Hiranyakashipu, and rescues demon’s son Prahlada who opposes his own father. The legend is a part of the Hindu festival Holi folklore.
Dwarf avatar. Demon king Bali gains disproportionately enormous powers, ruling the entire universe and abusing it. The dwarf avatar approaches Bali in the form of a monk when Bali is trying to show off by giving alms at a sacrifice. Bali offers the dwarf any riches he wants, the monk refuses and asks for three steps of land. Bali grants it to him. The dwarf grows, in his first step takes the earth, the second all of the heavens, and for the third the netherworld where Bali returns to.
Sage with an axe avatar. The warrior class gets too powerful and seizes other people’s property for their own pleasure. The avatar appears as a sage with an axe, kills the king and all his warrior companions.
Rama Avatar –
Subject of Ramayana, Ram Charit Manas
Krishna Avatar –
Subject of the Mahabharata, the Krishna Charit Manas and the Bhagavad Gita
Some Hindu texts replace Buddha
Kalki Last Avatar
The last avatar appears as man with a white horse with wings, projected to end the Kali yuga, in order that the cosmos may renew and restart.
Whenever righteousness wanes and unrighteousness increases I send myself forth.
For the protection of the good and for the destruction of evil,
and for the establishment of righteousness,
I come into being age after age.
— Bhagavad Gita 4.7–8